|Universal crossing probabilities and incipient spanning clusters in directed percolation|
|European Physical Journal B 33 (2003) 331|
|DOI : 10.1140/epjb/e2003-00173-8|
|ArXiv : cond-mat/0302181 [PDF]|
|HAL : hal-00107505|
Shape-dependent universal crossing probabilities are studied, are Monte Carlo simulations, for bond and site directed percolation on the square lattice in the diagonal direction, at the percolation threshold. In a dynamical interpretation, the crossing probability is the probability that, on a system with size L, an epidemic spreading without immunization remains active at time t. Since the system is strongly anisotropic, the shape dependence in space-time enters through the effective aspect ratio reff = ct/Lz, where c is a non-universal constant and z the anisotropy exponent. A particular attention is paid to the influence of the initial state on the universal behaviour of the crossing probability. Using anisotropic finite-size scaling and generalizing a simple argument given by Aizenman for isotropic percolation, we also obtain the behaviour of the probability to find n incipient spanning clusters on a finite system at time t. The numerical results are in good agreement with the conjecture.