Articles in peer-reviewed journals
|Anomalous diffusion in aperiodic environments|
|Igloi F., Turban L., Rieger H.|
|Physical Review E59 (1999) 1465|
|DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevE.59.1465|
|ArXiv : cond-mat/9809120 [PDF]|
|HAL : hal-00421976|
We study the Brownian motion of a classical particle in one-dimensional inhomogeneous environments where the transition probabilities follow quasiperiodic or aperiodic distributions. Exploiting an exact correspondence with the transverse-field Ising model with inhomogeneous couplings, we obtain many analytical results for the random walk problem. In the absence of global bias the qualitative behavior of the diffusive motion of the particle and the corresponding persistence probability strongly depend on the fluctuation properties of the environment. In environments with bounded fluctuations the particle shows normal diffusive motion and the diffusion constant is simply related to the persistence probability. On the other hand, in a medium with unbounded fluctuations the diffusion is ultraslow and the displacement of the particle grows on logarithmic time scales. For the borderline situation with marginal fluctuations both the diffusion exponent and the persistence exponent are continuously varying functions of the aperiodicity. Extensions of the results to disordered media and to higher dimensions are also discussed.