Articoli in riviste
|Structure, magnetism and thermal stability of Fe-Al2O3 multilayers|
|Lenoble O., Bobo J.F., Hennet L., Fischer H., Bauer Ph., Piecuch M.|
|Thin Solid Films 275 (1996) 64|
We have deposited iron/alumina multilayers (ML) on sapphire wafers using r.f. magnetron sputtering. In the aim to study their thermal behaviour, MLs have been annealed under a controlled atmosphere. The phase identification has been mainly performed by a combination of classical diffractometry (Î˜/2Î˜) and grazing incidence scattering, completed by 57Fe MoÌˆssbauer spectroscopy. The superstructure of the ML has been checked by small-angle X-ray scattering. Finally, magnetic properties have been studied by room-temperature bulk magnetization. Without treatment, Fe/Al2O3 MLs consist of alternating amorphous alumina and polycrystalline iron. Thermal annealings at temperatures ranging between 573 and 873 K give evidence for segregation at the interfaces. We have evaluated the Fe-Al2O3 interdiffusion coefficient in the range of temperature from 873 to 1273 K. Above 773 K, we observe the co-existence of Fe2+ and metallic bcc and fee Fe. Competition between interfacial and shape magnetic anisotropy is found to be dependent on the presence of fee iron.