|Nematic phase transitions in two-dimensional systems|
|Berche B., Paredes R.|
|Condensed Matter Physics 8 (2005) 723|
|ArXiv : cond-mat/0512194 [PDF]|
|HAL : hal-00015511|
Simulations of nematic-isotropic transition of liquid crystals In two dimensions are performed using an O(2) vector model characterized by non linear nearest neighbour spin interaction governed by the fourth Legendre polynomial P4. The system is studied through standard Finite-Size Scaling and conformal rescaling of density profiles or correlation functions. The low temperature limit is discussed in the spin wave approximation and confirms the numerical results, while the value of the correlation function exponent at the deconfining transition seems controversial.