|Transverse-field Ising spin chain with inhomogeneous disorder|
|Karevski D., Juhasz R., Turban L., Igloi F.|
|Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 60 (1999) 4195|
|DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevB.60.4195|
|ArXiv : cond-mat/9903388 [PDF]|
|HAL : hal-00421971|
We consider the critical and off-critical properties at the boundary of the random transverse-field Ising spin chain when the distribution of the couplings and/or transverse fields, at a distance l from the surface, deviates from its uniform bulk value by terms of order l-Оє with an amplitude A. Exact results are obtained using a correspondence between the surface magnetization of the model and the surviving probability of a random walk with time-dependent absorbing boundary conditions. For slow enough decay, Оє<1/2, the inhomogeneity is relevant: Either the surface stays ordered at the bulk critical point or the average surface magnetization displays an essential singularity, depending on the sign of A. In the marginal situation Оє=1/2, the average surface magnetization decays as a power law with a continuously varying, A-dependent, critical exponent which is obtained analytically. The behavior of the critical and off-critical autocorrelation functions as well as the scaling form of the probability distributions for the surface magnetization and the first gaps are determined through a phenomenological scaling theory. In the Griffiths phase, the properties of the Griffiths-McCoy singularities are not affected by the inhomogeneity. The various results are checked using numerical methods based on a mapping to free fermions.