Capítulos de libros
|Phase transitions in two-dimensional random Potts models|
|Berche B., Chatelain C.|
|Order, disorder, and criticality (2004)|
|ArXiv : cond-mat/0207421 [PDF]|
The influence of uncorrelated, quenched disorder on the phase transition of two dimensional Potts models will be reviewed. After an introduction where the conditions of relevance of quenched randomness on phase transitions are exemplified by experimental measurements, the results of perturbative and numerical investigations in the case of the Potts model will be presented. The Potts model is of particular interest, since it can have in the pure case a second-order or a first-order transition, depending on the number of states per spin. In 2D, transfer matrix calculations and Monte Carlo simulations were used in order to check the validity of conformal invariance methods in disordered systems. These techniques were then used to investigate the universality class of the disordered Potts model, in both regimes of the pure model phase transitions. A test of replica symmetry became possible through a study of multiscaling properties and a detailed analysis of the probability distribution of the correlation functions was also made possible.