Articoli in riviste
|On the critical behavior of two-dimensional liquid crystals|
|Fariņas-Sanchez A.I., Botet R., Berche B., Paredes R.|
|Cond. Matter Phys. 13 (2010) 13601|
|ArXiv : arxiv:0906.4079 [PDF]|
The Lebwohl-Lasher (LL) model is the traditional model used to describe the nematic-isotropic transition of real liquid crystals. In this paper, we develop a numerical study of the temperature behaviour and of finite-size scaling of the two-dimensional (2D) LL-model. We discuss two possible scenarios. In the first one, the 2D LL-model presents a phase transition similar to the topological transition appearing in the 2D XY-model. In the second one, the 2D LL-model does not exhibit any critical transition, but its low temperature behaviour is rather characterized by a crossover from a disordered phase to an ordered phase at zero temperature. We realize and discuss various comparisons with the 2D XY-model and the 2D Heisenberg model. Adding to previous studies of finite-size scaling behaviour of the order parameter and conformal mapping of order parameter profile, we analyze the critical scaling of the probability distribution function, hyperscaling relations and stiffness order parameter and conclude that the second scenario (no critical transition) is the most plausible.